14th January is the day at which Makar Sankranti 2019 celebrated. It is celebrated to say welcome to the harvest season and continue celebrating. They celebrate this festival at the time when days will start becoming longer and nights will becoming shorter. This also means that temperature will start increasing after this festival. And will become hotter.
Makar Sankranti History:
Makar Sankranti is a festival which is celebrated to devote and dedicate the sun god Surya. Most of the people take Holy Dip in the rivers to wash their sins and wish forgiveness from the god. Makar Sankranti 2019 has also recognized by many names such as Poush Sangkranti in West Bengal, Maghi in Himachal Pradesh, Bihu in Assam and Pongal in Tamil Nadu.
In many parts of India like Punjab and Northern Parts farmers make themselves ready for their business and to earn money from crops. People arranges a Bone fire and all the people of community come together and sing songs.
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Why do we celebrate it?
We celebrate Makar Sankranti just to celebrate the Harvest season. There are many reasons or factors behind this celebration. Firstly, Makar Sankranti means that nights are getting shorter and days are getting longer. Secondly, this day is extremely important in the Hindu calendar. Thirdly, Farmers have sown seeds and ploughed the fields for a good harvest which give them good business in the coming year. Lohri is also a festival which is celebrated with a lot of excitement. This festival is celebrated on 13th January.
We celebrate Lohri to mark the end of sowing the seeds and to celebrate the beginning of the farming season that is reaping the benefits of all the hard work. Locally, Lohri is celebrated with traditional food, folk dance and Bone fire. People started celebrating this festival towards the end of winter season. A special kind of rice is made on this festival which is called Pongal.
Like as Punjab the farmers in Southern and western India pay homage to the crops that are about to be cut. Makar Sankranti 2018 is celebrated for four days in Southern India. The day of Sankranti is considered to be auspicious and good for charity, but all the auspicious ceremonies are avoided on this day. There and Sankranti Puja rituals and traditions which are followed in the Southern part of India. All the sacred rituals can be performed from this day onwards. It also marks the end of the inauspicious phase, which
Starts in mid of December. Makar Sankranti marks the beginning of a prosperous phase or the Holy
Phase of transition. People celebrate this day with much fervor and excitement and much happiness.
For instance, it is believed that sesame loaded foods have the ability to absorb and emit high amounts of sattva frequencies. Additionally, gajak and anything related o sugarcane is also savoured during this day.