Makar Sankranti Essay

Short Essay on Makar Sankranti | Makar Sankranti Essay

A harvest festival that the people of India celebrate is Sankranti. In the Makar Sankranti Essay, do you know what the meaning of Sankranti is? The word Sankranti has the derivation from the word, Sankramana which means, a change. It is also renowned as Makara Sankranti because the entrance of the Sun is through Makara Rasi during the day of the festival.

Starting from the basics of Makar Sankranti in the Makar Sankranti Essay, every year, it comes on January, 14. The journey of the Sun initiates from the Tropic of Capricorn in the northward direction to the Tropic of Cancer. The trip, northward march, is renowned as Uttarayana. The people of India are to the north direction of the equator.

Makar Sankranti Essay

Makar Sankranti Essay

They enjoy the Makar Sankranti Day, as the cold and chilly winter season comes to an end and the summer season is containing the healthy days of Sun about to start. In Tamilnadu, Sankranti is renowned as Pongal, and in some sections of Andhra Pradesh, it is famous as Peddala Panduga, or Pedda. Panduga means a festival while Pedda means a big thing. In the Makar Sankranti essay, it is a festival where the people of India make their offerings and prayers to their old ancestors that have passed away.

The people in India celebrate the festival in multiple ways in different parts of their country because it is a festival of harvesting. It is the time for the people to praise God for giving them the great harvest. From the January, the farmers harvest multiple kinds of cereals along with sugarcane, pulses, and paddy. It is the proud month for the farmers, and they do their duty with full happiness and enthusiasm.  There are three days included in the Sankranti festival.

The first day is called Bhogi. In the Markan Sankranti essay, on this day, people get early in the morning, and they arrange the bonfires to burn all the ancient waste material to give a farewell to the winters. The people clean the streets, and the women draw the fantastic rangolis everywhere. They place the small-sized cowdung cubes decorated with flowers of different colors before every house, to greet the Goddess of Wealth.

In the evening of the same day, for the health of the children, the people pour Bogipallu in some parts of the country. while in other regions, girls celebrate the festival by gathering, singing Gobbiallo and dancing in the chorus.


The second day is renowned as Pongal or Sankranti also called a day of the feast. On this day, the people cook the sweet food along with the new rice, and they make the new vegetables, new jaggery, and fresh milk in their new utensils. The food that they prepare (sweet food or Pongal), then offer to the Sun God. They make their offerings to their ancestors.

There are some novel and unique dishes in that day that they make with the green gram and pumpkins for the festival. There are new clothes for everybody on this day. The poor receive the alms. It is the day when the people enjoy themselves the most.

In the evening, there takes place several games such as gambling and cockfights. People also take a swim in the holy rivers and offer their prayers in the Andhra Pradesh and north of the country. People consider a plunge on the Makar Sankranti festival in the Ganges a sacred thing.

The third day is the cattle day, known as Kanumu. People bath their cattle, dress, decorate them with multiple flowers and feed them with the sweet rice that they cook. The folks also paint their homes. Some people worship the cows. In the evening of the same day, there are several races conducted for the bulls to draw heavy stones and draw carts. There are numerous prizes for the victorious. In some parts of the country, the bullfights are in fashion by the young men. It is the festival of amusement and joy for all.

Makar Sankranti Essay

Makar Sankranti Essay

In Southern India, Tamil Nadu people celebrate this event in the name of Pongal.

The celebrations, rituals, and traditions alter from state to state.

The most popular mela that conducts only one time in 12 years on Makar Sankranti is the Khumba Mela.   The people celebrate Pongal for almost four days. In Punjab. Lohri is the Harvest Festival.

The festivals in India are very renowned for their customs and rituals. It is the only auspicious occasion of Hindus that not only the people of India celebrate but also the people of Nepal.

The most happiness is to the farmers on the Makar Sankranti festival because they are waiting for the harvesting season to show their work.

Apart from these aspects, people consider the Makar Sankranti as the initiation of the holly phase. The great things initiate to happen after the festival od Makar Sankranti, according to the belief of the religious people.

When you look to the aspect of the ancient myths, the day when the Lord Surya visits Lord Shani is the Makar Sankranti.

In the Makar Sankranti essay, you can observe the auspicious occasion in multiple names with little differences customs and rituals in the states in India.

Makar Sankranti Essay

Makar Sankranti Essay

  • Kerala, End of Sabarimala Pilgrimage
  • Tamil Nadu, Pongal
  • Gujarat and Rajasthan, Uttarayan
  • Allahabad, Khumba Mela
  • Karnataka, Sankranti
  • Assam, Bohali Bihu
  • Bengal, Pithey Parban and Ganga Sagar Mela
  • Orissa, Makar Mela




In the Makar Sankranti essay, the importance is as follows:

  • The occasion of the Makar Sankranti is of vital importance as it refers to the change of the Sun to the Zodiac House of Capricorn.
  • The Makar Sankranti festival is the promotion of a feeling of a sense of unity and brotherhood among different people.
  • The people forgive one another and forget their ancient grievances.
  • Because it is a festival of harvesting, it is of vital importance for multiple farmers.


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