Facts behind why we celebrate Makar Sankranti festival?
Makar Sankranti is the festival of Hindus religion celebrated in all parts of India and Nepal. Why we celebrate Makar Sankranti? People in India celebrate it before the harvest period, for good harvest season. People think that it is the mark of the arrival of the spring season in India and also a religious festival of Hindu religion.
Why we celebrate Makar Sankranti festival?
Makar Sankranti is the festival of Hindu religion, celebrated on 14th of January according to the solar calendar. People enjoy the event in almost all parts of the country. In Hindi Makar is the other word of Capricorn or synonym of Capricorn.
It is the better way to start the harvest season with the celebration of the year. The second name of this festival is the phase of transition, because from this date the nights become shorter and days are getting longer, the temperature rises from this date and weather become hotter after this festival. The most important thing in this Makar Sankranti is that people give charity to the poor people.
There is a wide range of festival names of Makar Sankranti all over India. By Hindu this festival is the gift for the sun, they called it Suriya. Many of the people take a dip in water called Ganga (precious water of Hindu religion) in respect of this festival; the number of these people is in Lakhs. There are a lot of people on the river.
In India not only this festival named as Makar Sankranti but different names in different cities like manga in Himachal Pradesh city, in Tamil Nadu named as Pongal, etc. Not only the festival but its also the harvest period of rabi crop, many farmers of Punjab and northern areas of India waited for their crops which they bowed for their business.
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It is the first crop of the year, so they worship it for the best of others. At night time, there is a bonfire. People come around bonfire dance and sing a song together. They throw sugarcane, sweets, and rice on the bonfire, and it is the festival of getting together of relatives.
The best reason why we celebrate Makar Sankranti is due the harvest season.
There are many reasons behind why we celebrate Makar Sankranti festival.
The first reason is that farmers are waiting for their crops which give them a good harvest and good business whole the year. The second reason is that the nights become short and days become longer. This reason is that according to the Hindu calendar it is the date of success.
In different cities, people celebrate it in different ways, For example, in southern parts of the country as Pongal and Punjab as Lohri. Lohri festival is in Punjab and other northern areas of India, with more shout and heavy sound, this festival is so beautiful because it is held after the new year party and held cold chills on heads. This Lohri held on 13 January in Punjab. This festival is paying respect to the Suriya God.
Locally, Lohri is owned for the harvest period, repairing all the hard work of farmers. On this festival, traditional food, traditional songs, and traditional dance take place in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, and Haryana. Lohri celebrated for the hard work of farmers. In the past, Lohri celebrated when the nights were longest and shortest day of the year, but with the passage of time, the harvest season celebration takes place at the end of the winter season when the chills changes to warmer days.
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In other parts, people celebrate it locally and also called as kite festival. In Uttaryan and Gujrat it is celebrated with more eager and enjoyment. In Gujrat not only they look like worship to the sun but the show their love by colorful kites on the sky. This kite session is done worldwide and shows the cultural difference in India. We can also say that its the time when India say welcome to the New Year with open arms. Both young and old persons celebrate this festival by heart.
In Southern areas of India, people make a special dish of rice called Pongal on this festival. This page festival lasts for three days. The first day, they offer rice boiled with milk to the rain God.second day, the second day the same thing contributed to the sun. They decorate cattle with show humbleness and flowers to them for their hard work in the fields on the last day.
In the rural and coastal areas, this celebration is different, and they arrange cockfight. People did not do their regular job, only meet their relatives. Many of them also say that on this day, the sun goes and meet their son Shani. Shani is the swami of city Makar Rashi. And this day shows the proper relationship between father and son. After his father, it is the son who takes all the responsibility of his family. People love to celebrate this to beat of negativities and start of the new era, which is full of righteous living.
Same like in Punjab in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh farmers ready for the cut of crops.
In Uttar Pradesh, this festival is renowned as Khichri. Many of the people take a dig in the holy water of Hindu Religion. On this occasion, a big Mela held for one month in Allahabad city of India. A religious bath takes place in Haridwar. In Bengal every year on this day, there is a big meal, at river Ganga Sagar, where the people believed that when they divided in they are clean from every crime and they wash the ashes of their 60k ancestors in this river.
Why we celebrate Makar Sankranti festival? One reason behind this is the starting phase of agriculture. This day is the time to pray for the good future crops and better harvest season. It is the time to remember their ancestors and pray for them, and also remembering their struggle for us.